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Resultados para la búsqueda "leadership" : 3 resultados
From me to us: new ways to lead
Francisco Fermín Mallén Broch, Emilio Domínguez Escrig

In recent years, we have witnessed a paradigm shift in social sciences and the motivations that steer the relationships between people, moving from what has been described as an ‘ego-system’, in which priority is given to one’s own wellbeing, to what could be referred to as an ‘ecosystem’, in which the wellbeing of the community is prioritized. Focusing on the organizational sphere, the conditions of the environment in which companies operate, as well as recent events related to the unethical and selfish conduct of their leaders, are paving the way for a new set of contemporary or emerging leadership styles in which human values are attributed particular significance. A number of studies analyse the consequences of this new trend of leadership styles for individuals, groups and organizations, but other studies recommend an analysis of the consequences of the specific behaviours or conducts of the leaders: altruism, humility, empowerment, capacity for forgiveness and focus on sustainability, to give just a few examples. Some conclusions are presented, as well as the challenges posed in this new line of work.

The objective of managing organizations is to generate justice
Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet, Josep Maria Rosanas Martí

Justice has always been considered a concept that is very separate from business management and has only been considered legitimate as a social objective. Economic theory has never produced anything that is specific to organizations. In particular, one of the fathers of economics, Adam Smith, wanted to show what was good for the world, which can be paralleled with the concept of eudaimonia (happiness) proposed by Aristotle. In a simplistic view of economics, the ‘invisible hand’ implies that companies must maximize profits and that doing so would already contribute to this social eudaimonia. That is their role. Rethinking this objective proposed by Smith, we can see that eudaimonia can only be achieved if, when companies are analysed, their decision-making incorporates values and virtues. This requires them to decide the goals they have to set and consider the benefits as results that will only be realised by making the right decisions or, in other words, with the inclusion of these values. In this essay, our aim is to show that generating justice must be one of the basic objectives when running a company because, if this objective is not incorporated within the decision-making process, the decisions made incorporating injustices can result in the same organizational structure. For companies, therefore, decision-making must generate justice and, as such, it cannot be directed in any way. This justice must be applied with Aristotelian logic or, in other words, on a case to case basis that judges each situation on its individual merits. This is how you can generate profits, which you will never be able to ascertain whether or not they have been maximized, but which are satisfactory, thereby achieving the ultimate goal of eudaimonia. This would align what Aristotle said with what Adam Smith proposed.

The impact of managers on employee stress
Eva Rimbau-Gilabert

The psychological wellbeing of workers derives from a proper balance between, on the one hand, motivating challenges and obstacles faced and, on the other hand, job and personal resources to overcome them. Managers or supervisors are in a privileged position to make this balance possible, through their daily behavior shown in their leadership style. Leadership styles can be ordered according to their impact on job stress, from the most negative to the most positive style: abusive, passive, transactional and transformational. The article explains the ways in which managers can affect employees' psychosocial wellbeing and the specific role of each leadership style. Finally, it concludes by giving responsibility to develop more positive leadership styles not only to individual managers, but also to companies and institutions, as well as educational institutions.

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