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Resultados para la búsqueda "gender" : 7 resultados
Skills-based factors for creating a company and making it grow: a perspective from the angle of women¿s empowerment
Marta Zaragoza

The objective of this article is to offer some strategies which women can use in order to develop their professional plan in the sphere of creating and managing companies, whether they are self-employed or working for someone else. Furthermore, it will allow them to overcome the difficulties that they may encounter due to gender when they set or achieve their objectives.

 

In order to be able to understand the foundations of the proposed strategies and measures, in the introduction section there is an identification of the principal environmental or external factors which explain the situation that women around the world have lived through and continue to live through. This situation is mostly characterised by the lack of equal opportunities.

 

The section on the strategies starts with that which is based on the entrepreneurship model in skills and which has its origins in the employability model referenced in the text. This model attempts to respond to four fundamental questions which allow for a definition and execution of the life project (professional, business and personal) itself with the greatest guarantee of success. As regards the other strategies, these are based on the empowerment of women, as well as on the support and personal and professional guidance from all those people with whom a relationship of mutual understanding and confidence can be established.

 

Finally, there is a proposal for a staff management model which places the focus of attention on the management of professional skills around the entire organization, as well as equal opportunities, independent of the personal factors involved, which allows for the building of a team with the male and female professionals who share the mission, vision and values of the project.

Women and teleworking: beyond work-life balance
Ana Gálvez Mozo

The difficulties in work-life balance has become greatly important in the societies of the 21st century. An evergrowing number of organisations are interested in promoting and encouraging this approach, with the objective of improving the well-being and quality of life of their male and female workers in addition to attracting and fostering talent, improving productivity and, ultimately, becoming more competitive. In this context, one of the most used measures for achieving such objectives is teleworking. This article analyses, from the point of view of female teleworkers, if this labour system constitutes an efficient strategy for the work-life balance. The methodology used has been qualitative, specifically working with indepth interviews and discussion groups. The sample was composed of women teleworkers with some form of family dependents. The principal results show that teleworking for these female workers is a labour system which goes far beyond work-life balance. This is a kind of logic or mechanism which redefines the unfolding practices and which leads to the creation of new meanings in the realm of work and in compatibilisation with domestic, family and personal life. By practising teleworking, these women are producing a critical discourse with the prevailing labour model, characterised by their long working days which exclude the possibility of a life at the margin of the world of work. They use the possibilities of flexibility which teleworking provides them in order to reclaim their roles as professionals and as mothers, and as a result do not give up either of these roles, making use of teleworking as a tool for revealing a labour market which excludes all that is related to the sphere of care.

Competitive companies with inclusive and respectful environments
Ana M. González Ramos

The fact that women do not occupy positions of responsibility within highly competitive companies in the technological sector demonstrates how organisations are failing to adapt to the present reality: women are half of the population and are sufficiently prepared to occupy professional posts, but they are rarely welcomed. The liberalist explanations, that is to say, those which maximise the principle of freedom as regulating the market, indicate that women are not present because they take private decisions which involve a lack of ambition or commitment to the companies. In the face of this evidence, I maintain that the organisations are less than healthy social structures, which impose rules and values that cannot be adapted to the differing realities of women and men who are eager for another organisational culture – one which could fit better with their lifestyles. This work tackles this question by providing evidence on the basis of two generative axes of psychosocial risks for the knowledge society: (1) the imbalance between personal and work lives (2) the imbalance during the management of personal and emotional relations, as well as in the daily practices in the organisations, in the family and, in general, in society. The results of this work show that the technological companies are facing up to some changes relating to the profile of their workers, however, there is a need for a more profound reflection and cultural changes which abandon the idea that there exists a male professional ideal.

Gender (in)equality in organisations: Progress and stagnation in Spain
Susana González, Ruth Mateos

This work analyses the advances in regard to gender equality which have contributed to the fact that Spain ranks among the 10 leading countries in the latest edition of the Gender Gap Report by the World Economic Forum. This progress is mostly due to the improvement in the political representation of women in ministerial positions and in parliament. However, the economic participation of women in Spain evidences extensive room for improvement, especially in relation to the representation in corporate leadership positions and to a worrying underrepresentation in the emerging professions resulting from the digital transformation. To conclude, the work offers a series of recommendations for improving the economic empowerment of women when it comes to reaching positions of high corporate responsibility. It also recommends to prevent and improve the future economic gap in respect to women’s underrepresentation in science, research and technology professions.

Where are the She-Os? An integrative approach of the personal and professional life determinant factors
Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet, Pere Suau-Sanchez

The lack of gender diversity at CEO level is a critical problem in many industries, as it prevents organisations from taking advantage of the whole pool of available talent. Women have progressively been incorporated in all professional domains. Although this process is taking place with unevenness, women are in positions that were traditionally occupied solely by men. In parallel, legal recognition of women’s labour rights evolved and many legal systems worldwide have advanced towards a mandatory non-discrimination approach. Nevertheless, women remain underrepresented in power and decision-making positions. A variety of theoretical approaches, from organisational theory, sociology, psychology and economics have tried to unravel the causes behind that and the possible solutions to change the tendency. We consider that to advance, we need a theoretical framework that integrates these perspectives in order to achieve: 1) an understanding of the whole personal, academic and professional life cycle; 2) identify the key determinant factors along the life cycle, and 3) study in depth the relative importance of each determinant and their interactions from women’s perspective, decision-making and context. This perspective provides new insights to approach the problem, which is complex and multicausal, in a comprehensive and practically oriented way.

An analysis of gender in the business world
Anna Pérez-Quintana

Traditionally, the creation of companies has been a job that is the reserve of men, to the point that the number of male entrepreneurs who start a business doubles that of female entrepreneurs. This lack of equality is not only quantitative, but also qualitative. Beyond the biological differences between both sexes, the article explores other explanations –sociological–which allow for an improvement in understanding the reason for the gender gap in entrepreneurship, as well as allowing for the promotion of the entrepreneurial vocation of women by recognising that there is a possibility to make an impact on this gap.

Reflections on the latest Spanish reform of parental leave
Alba Edo Jové

Once the Royal Decree-Law 6/2019 of 1 March, incorporating and including the new configuration for parental leave, has been completely rolled out, Spain will have obtained formal equality between men and women with respect to said leave. Starting from a description of reality in the country regarding gender biases in the labour and domestic spheres and with the support of the specialised literature, this article argues why the reform of parental leave, although it should make a contribution in the path towards effective equality, does not look to be enough for improving the current situation in a significant way. Working from this information, the way in which a new reform should be conceived is also proposed, and there is a reflection on whether a country such as Spain could pay for its cost. Finally, there is an analysis of the need for a double involve- ment of the state and the business world, along with the need for obtaining the requisite disruptive change, not only in terms of democratic qualities but also in terms of competitive advantage in the new socioeconomic paradigm.

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