Resultados para la búsqueda "Dossier: "A holistic view of well-being: personal sovereignty, state and sustainability" coordinated by Fernando Álvarez" : 9 resultados
Paying or not paying taxes? Is that the issue?
Alejandro Esteller-Moré

Individuals, as selfish beings, have incentives not to voluntarily comply with the payment of taxes. This low predisposition differs between countries or, within a country, between individuals. Given the social costs of tax non-compliance, finding mechanisms that can improve this predisposition, that is, without the need for coercive mechanisms, improve “tax morale” is a key aspect for the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of our system. fiscal. In this article, these issues are discussed and various mechanisms are proposed to promote tax morale, the level of which is not necessarily well reflected in the surveys that are usually carried out on this topic.

A critical and different look at women¿s health
Esther Zaballa i Madrid

Women have been invisible in medicine because they have been absent from the subject of biomedical research until the 20th century. Until the last decade of the 20th century, women’s health had been studied and evaluated only in relation to reproductive health and pregnancy and childbirth. It was not until the 1990s that women began to be included in some scientific studies, but without considering the living and working conditions and the key psychosocial burden on health. It is important to emphasize that women are bioaccumulators of toxic substances that affect their health, that of their children and that of their grandchildren.

Promoting welfare through community living: cohousing as an example
Fernando Álvarez

In the constant search for a fuller and more satisfying life, human beings have discovered that one of the most effective ways is through community life. Community life is much more than simply inhabiting the same physical space. It involves a shared commitment to collective well-being, where each individual finds not only emotional support but also opportunities to grow and develop fully. In this article, we will explore how social interaction, collaboration and the sense of belonging to a group can significantly influence our quality of life and general happiness, focusing our attention on a particular model: cohousing.

Personal welfare dimensions: an integral approach
Gemma Segura Virella

Based on the contributions of positive psychology, the author considers that personal welfare comes from the result of mixing the responsible cultivation of our own thinking and emotional world, the relations that we maintain with other people and the meaning we endow our own life.


The article delivers the comprehension of all those scopes and how they contribute to the global result of personal welfare, under the premises that the responsibility of the above-mentioned welfare comes from a personal decision, and it belongs to each human being to come up with the importance of it in your own life.

Public expenditure and welfare state
Juan Francisco Corona Ramón, Amelia Díaz Álvarez

Although Public Finance, understood as an organization of the financial activity of the public sector, in its double aspect of income and expenditure, can be considered as old as the first organized states, it was initially oriented towards the development and financing of activities related to external security, internal order, the justice system and expenses related to the maintenance of the head of state.


It was necessary to wait until the end of the 19th century, and more precisely until the period between the two world wars (mainly at the end of the latter) for the Welfare State to appear, as we know it in our days. State intervention has been especially relevant in: pensions and public transfers, public services in health, education and other social issues, protection standards for workers, consumers and citizens in general, and policies aimed at encouraging the creation and access to employment, both public and private.


However, the evolution of the public sector necessary to maintain the Welfare State has shown a very marked tendency towards growth, which has not been accompanied by the quantitative and qualitative improvement of the public goods and services offered. Over the last decades, the study of these issues has made it possible to identify a series of variables, typical of the functioning of the democratic system and the bureaucracy itself, that explain its inefficient growth, and that should be identified and corrected to obtain a fair and efficient Welfare State.

The sustainability of the pension system in Spain
Joan Llobet Dalmases

This document analyzes the sustainability of the pension system in Spain within the framework of the welfare state. It highlights that pensions are fundamental for providing economic security and reducing poverty among the retired population. However, it warns about the lack of resources to meet long-term pension obligations, with an aging population and other demographic factors as the main challenges.


This paper underlines that the financial strains of the Spanish pension system are evident, with a constant increase in retired people and pension expenditure over time, while affiliations to Social Security have a more volatile behavior.


The document manifests the direct relationship between demographic changes, such as an aging population, low fertility rate and the precariousness of the pension system. It points out that demographic projections indicate a higher proportion of dependent people compared to active contributors, questioning the system’s ability to maintain adequate benefits.


To address these challenges, the paper proposes rethinking the welfare state and adopting sustainable public policies that promote an equitable distribution of resources and emphasizes the importance of increasing the retirement age, extending working life and linking pensions to life expectancy.

Inequality and education system. Proposals to compensate inequality in the Spanish case
Laura López Domínguez

TIn the Spanish education system, as in those of many other countries, students are divided into two types: those who attend a state school and those who attend a private one (whether state-funded or not). Private schools are mainly attended by the children of the better-off. This article explains how this system generates and preserves inequality. We will study the possibility of substituting this model with a completely public one and will discuss other alternatives: tax modifications, school vouchers and the introduction of positive discrimination policies to compensate for the disadvantaged position of those who attended state schools and universities, namely the provision of a number of employment positions both in the private and the public sectors.

From GDP to well-being assessment: new perspectives in measuring economic progress
Marc Cortés Rufé

This article critically examines the adequacy of the gross domestic product (GDP) as the sole indicator of economic and social well-being, proposing the need to integrate more holistic approaches in development assessment. It is argued that while GDP reflects the economic capacity of a nation, it fails to address fundamental aspects such as environmental impacts, human rights and cultural variables. The adoption of gross national happiness (GNH) by countries like Bhutan and Myanmar is mentioned as a pioneering approach that evaluates the quality of life from holistic and psychological perspectives, significantly distinguishing itself from the traditional GDP. Furthermore, the human development index (HDI) is discussed as a more inclusive indicator, encompassing dimensions such as life expectancy, education and income level, thereby providing a more comprehensive metric for human progress. This approach stands in contrast to the limitations of GDP by offering a more complete picture of human development. Consequently, the article advocates for a new economic paradigm that transcends the traditional focus on GDP and seeks a more thorough and sustainable understanding of human well-being, adapting to the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century.

Editorial: A holistic vision of welfare: personal sovereignty, state and sustainability
Fernando Álvarez
9 resultados | Página 1 de 1