Resultados para la búsqueda "business" : 4 resultados
Industry 4.0 and firm performance in Spain: a first scan
Joan Torrent-Sellens

This article analyses the relationship between the uses of Industry 4.0 technologies (I4.0), the value generation and firm results. Based on a sample of 1,525 Spanish industrial firms for 2014, the uses of four basic I4.0 technologies are identified: 1) computer-aided industrial design (CAD); 2) robotics; 3) flexible production systems; and 4) the activity’s numerical control machinery and software, an additional indicator is constructed and the statistical association with the value generation and firm results are studied. The research has obtained three main results. First of all, it is worth noting its incipience. 72.5% of Spanish industrial firms either do not use or use very moderately the I4.0 technologies. Despite of this and secondly, it should be noted that the uses of these technologies are associated with a value generating process in industrial firms which is more intensive in R&D and human capital, more innovative, more digital and more sustainable. And, thirdly, the research also concludes that firms with more intensive uses of I4.0 technologies have better results in terms of sales, value added, exports and gross operating margin. Productivity and employment results are especially relevant. I4.0 intensive industrial firms are 30% more efficient than firms that do not use these technologies. They are also able to take on a much larger number of employees (twice the industrial average) and to pay them much better (12.4% above the industrial average). Finally, the article also discusses the role that I4.0 could play as a new general purpose technology.

Prevention and social responsibility to build excellence
Manuel Bestratén Belloví

Some reflections are derived from recent studies conducted by the National Institute for Safety and Health at Work (INSHT) in a sample of over 60 excellent companies and directed by the writer of this article, on the link of Occupational hazards prevention to the Social Responsibility policy, and how this contributes to consolidate their successes.

Social media, economics and business
Oriol Miralbell Izard

In its editorial page, the journal introduces the dossier of the second Oikonomics issue. As social media are a current topic, the dossier includes five contributions by experts suggesting different approaches to how social media relate with economics and business, in order to provide more detailed information on their use and opportunities. The idea is forwarded from different perspectives (information management, marketing, business organisations, financial markets, social change…) in an environment where opportunities and challenges posed by online social media have a significant impact on the global economy. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) stimulate innovative dynamism and have become one of the main foundations of the radical change experienced by the economy and social structures in the last decade as they are becoming a massively used resource affecting all economic and social stakeholders.

A key issue to consider
Josep-Maria Batalla-Busquets
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