Temas good health and well-being (23) decent work and economic growth (20) industry, innovation and infrastructure (4) occupational health (4) sustainable cities and communities (3) responsible consumption and production (3) collaborative economy (3) leadership (3) occupational health prevention (3) no poverty (2) quality education (2) digitization (2) labour market (2) Airbnb (2) sharing economy (2) health (2) employment (2) workaholism (2) passion at work (2) lifestyle (2) personality (2) scales (2) psychosocial risks (2) safety (2) management (2) telework (2) peace, justice and strong institutions (2) remote working (2) social sciences (1) economics (1) teaching of economics (1) economic thinking (1) pluralism (1) politics (1) rethinking economics (1) society (1) university (1) tourist platform economics (1) sustainable tourism (1) job quality (1) employment digitization (1) value (1) theory of value (1) classical economics (1) neoclassical economics (1) development economics (1) sustainable development goals (SDGs) (1) reduced inequalities (1) peer-to-peer accommodation (1) platform economy (1) COVID-19 (1) sanitization (1) home (1) hospitality (1) platform work (1) cooperative work (1) voluntary work (1) circular economy (1) collaborative consumption (1) conceptualization (1) conceptual framework (1) work-life balance (1) labor arrangement types (1) gender (1) life-course cycle (1) power relationships (1) gender equality (1) robotics (1) artificial intelligence (AI) (1) inequality (1) human resource management (HRM) (1) healthy organization (1) prevention of occupational hazards (1) occupational health surveillance (1) flexibility (1) flexicurity (1) VUCA (1) productivity (1) sustainability (1) glocal (1) servant leadership (1) ethical leadership (1) altruism (1) empowerment (1) governance (1) justice (1) practical wisdom (1) shareholder-value (1) road traffic safety (1) ISO 39001 (1) management (1) road accident (1) preventive management (1) cost-benefit analysis (1) continuous improvement (1) psychological wellbeing (1) stress (1) transformational leadership (1) technostress (1) connectivity (1) availability (1) crisis (1) working conditions (1) risk (1) social responsibility (1) business excellence (1) risk prevention (1) health and safety (1) ICT (1) augmented reality (1) mobile devices (1) tourism (1) new technologies (1) competitiveness (1) millenials (1) satisfaction study (1) positioning (1) triathlon (1) market research (1)
Resultados para la búsqueda "health" : 25 resultados
Economists in the mirror
Carolina Hintzmann, Albert Puig Gómez

In the last twenty-five years – from 1996 to 2021 – a series of actions have marked the evolution of the economy: from transformations linked to new information and communication technologies to the Covid-19 pandemic, among other things, through to the financial and economic crisis of the second half of the first decade of the 21st century. In this article, we look at the impact of events in the last twenty-five years on economics teaching, whether this is evolving alongside the economic reality or not, what has given rise to a mismatch between economics and the social and economic reality. To analyze this, in the first section, we will tackle the social mission of the “economist” in the sense of being teachers of highly diverse collectives, and in the second section, we will reflect on the evolution of economics teaching at University. The analysis leads us to conclude that, although economics teaching has varied over time, it has not undergone substantial change in recent decades. The lack of diversity of thinking in economics curricula joins forces with a lack of diversity among prominent thinkers and professionals to often translate into an incomplete view explaining the complex economic reality and an interaction with other disciplines, particularly social sciences.

Tourism facing the challenge of transformation
Pablo Díaz, Lluís Alfons Garay Tamajón, Joan Miquel Gomis, Francesc González Reverté, Soledad Morales Pérez, Julie Wilson

On the twenty-fifth anniversary of the opening of the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya and its Economics and Business Studies, a group of professors from the tourism field of the institution reflect upon the current situation of the sector at a key moment. On the one hand, they bring their ideas on what has been the evolution of tourism over the last twenty-five years and the elements and key factors that have conditioned this evolution to date. On the other hand, based on the crisis generated by the effects of the pandemic, they deliberate on identifying possible future scenarios and the key factors that may condition them.

The future of employment: new challenges for pending aspirations
Pilar Ficapal-Cusí, Elisabet Motellón Corral

On the occasion of the celebration of the 25th anniversary of the creation of the Open University of Catalonia (UOC), the authors take the opportunity to reflect on the recent evolution of the labour market in Spain and its labour relations, as well as its future challenges. A period that begins with a long phase of expansion of the Spanish economy and ends with the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the middle, events with a relevant economic and labour effect such as (i) the relocation that has accompanied globalization, (ii) the migratory movements that have rendered us a host country, (iii) the violent impact that the Great Recession that began in 2008 and the pandemic of 2020, as well as (iv) the process of technological and digital transformation in which we are immersed. Despite this, the article does not have a vocation for the past and stops in the analysis on two great challenges. Job quality, a challenge that has been present in the last twenty-five years and that, far from being resolved, has become more urgent. And the digitization of employment, the great test of the Spanish economy and society that may be a turning point in our employment structure.

Is sustainable economic and social development possible? A critical note on the ¿value¿ of the SDGs
Joan Torrent-Sellens

This article analyses the connection that scientific economics has made between economic development and social sustainability. Starting from the classical idea of value in capitalism, the article reviews the main contributions that classical, neoclassical, heterodox and modern economic syntheses have made on the possibility of a socially sustainable economic development. From this review, the need to build a new sustainable value economy is identified and its main dimensions are analysed, especially the role that firms, markets and government should play. In our research on the fit between new sustainable ways of generating value and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the results obtained are unfavourable. The SDGs must substantially modify their approach and methodology to move towards a more socially sustainable economic value.

Changes in the global Airbnb offer during the COVID-19 pandemic
Czesław Adamiak

Airbnb is the most valuable tourism company in history and an epitome of the platform economy in tourism. Since 2020, together with the entire tourism sector, it has experienced the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The paper presents the context for the current international research on Airbnb by describing the origin, current state, and possible developments of the platform offer during and after the pandemic. The data on the global Airbnb offer in 2018, 2019, and 2020 comes from web-scraping the platform website. It shows that the dynamic growth of accommodation supply stopped in the last year. The platform offer has continued to disperse geographically towards less saturated markets and rural areas during the pandemic period. Entire flats and apartments have been continuously growing in dominance in the structure of the listing, while the slower growth in the percentage of multihosts’ listings indicates a slowdown in the process of the professionalisation of the platform offer.

Sanitised homes and healthy bodies: reflections on Airbnb¿s response to the pandemic
Maartje Roelofsen, Claudio Minca

This paper examines some key changes to Airbnb's travel philosophy, protocols and standards since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. It reflects on how the climate of uncertainty imposed by the global health crisis has induced Airbnb to promote among its users a new ethos of flexibility, adaptability, liability and long-term commitment. In particular, we discuss how new protocols and regulatory measures have engendered a culture of uniformity and transparency regarding issues of health and safety, but also concerning social interactions, personal communication, labour, and the conduct of everyday life of Airbnb's hosts and guests. The article also highlights that the changes implemented by the platform have not gone unchallenged and how some of the protests against the new measures and protocols were manifested via the Airbnb Community Center. We conclude with a few considerations about possible future directions of the Airbnb hospitality machinery and their potential consequences on the post-pandemic landscapes of travel and tourism.

Circular economy and the regulation of labour
Miguel Rodríguez-Piñero Royo

The regulation of work has been built on a dependent/self-employed dichotomy, which is being overcome by the development of new forms of employment. Among these, those linked to new economic models, such as the collaborative economy, are becoming very relevant. In these forms of work people provide services with an economic value, but outside traditional markets and contractual schemes. These provisions of services find a faulty fit in this binary model, demanding their own regulatory framework. The objective of this work is to define this problem, and to propose some alternatives to solve it.

Collaborative consumption, a buzzword that has gone conceptual: Three shades of the sharing economy
Myriam Ertz

It has been a decade now that research on the collaborative economy and colla- borative consumption (CC) has thrived. Tremendous academic research has been conducted into this specific concept. This paper re-evaluates the conceptual framework proposed almost half a decade ago about the conceptual foundations, frontiers and limits of the concept of collaborative consumption. The paper provides a revised definition and assesses to what extent the scope and limits in contrast to other forms of exchange still hold now despite current challenges.

Competitive companies with inclusive and respectful environments
Ana M. González Ramos

The fact that women do not occupy positions of responsibility within highly competitive companies in the technological sector demonstrates how organisations are failing to adapt to the present reality: women are half of the population and are sufficiently prepared to occupy professional posts, but they are rarely welcomed. The liberalist explanations, that is to say, those which maximise the principle of freedom as regulating the market, indicate that women are not present because they take private decisions which involve a lack of ambition or commitment to the companies. In the face of this evidence, I maintain that the organisations are less than healthy social structures, which impose rules and values that cannot be adapted to the differing realities of women and men who are eager for another organisational culture – one which could fit better with their lifestyles. This work tackles this question by providing evidence on the basis of two generative axes of psychosocial risks for the knowledge society: (1) the imbalance between personal and work lives (2) the imbalance during the management of personal and emotional relations, as well as in the daily practices in the organisations, in the family and, in general, in society. The results of this work show that the technological companies are facing up to some changes relating to the profile of their workers, however, there is a need for a more profound reflection and cultural changes which abandon the idea that there exists a male professional ideal.

Employment in the new digital wave: human robots or human resources?
Joan Torrent-Sellens

Concern for the future of employment is a recurring theme whenever a process of disruptive change in technology takes place. Economic analysis has shown that technology does not destroy work, but it skews skills and abilities, and displaces tasks, jobs, occupations and people. Generally, in the long term, the consequences of these technological waves on work tend to be positive because they are linked to increases in productivity, new economic activity, higher employment and salary improvements for people working in firms or sectors related to technological innovation. In addition, the effects of job substitution can be offset in the long term if firms’ strategies and policies, especially in terms of human resource management, take the form of active employment policies that train and reskill displaced people. This general form of interaction of technology with work has been questioned with the recent digital wave characterized, among other factors, by the explosion of intelligent robotics. According to some authors, the rate of substitution of human labour by robots will be so fast that they can hardly be compensated by the usual route of increases in demand and productivity. Other authors argue just the opposite, and frame the current dynamics within the context of the traditional interactions between technology and work. However, robotics is non-human work, has very particular and dynamic characteristics, offers a wide range of possibilities of use and, at the same time, generates fears too. In this article, we will analyse the employment implications of new robotics, paying special attention to the human resources management.

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